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Children’s Vision Part II

How common are eye problems in infants and toddlers?

Three to four million babies are born each year in the United Sates. Approximately 4 percent of these infants will develop strabismus (eye turn), 3 percent will develop amblyopia (lazy eye), and 12 percent will have a significant amount of refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism).

These conditions may not be detected in primary health care vision screenings or in school screenings. It is extremely important to diagnose these visual problems early, in order to prevent long term complications that can interfere with learning. If they are caught early, many of these problems are fully treatable.